No one prior in this region had ascended so high just to cultivate vines. Without a doubt, it was in this calcareous, chalky-sandy soil at 900 metres of altitude, that Mustiguillo found the perfect place where to initiate its plan of bringing back yet another variety native to the Mediterranean: the white grape, la Merseguera. Calvestra is a landscape surrounded by olives, pines, oak and suffused with aromas of fennel, rosemary and thyme that in turn endow this grape with its unique nuances.
But Finca Calvestra has not only managed to produce Bodega Mustiguillo’s best whites, but also its olive oil. An oil that, in line with the bodega’s philosophy is also extracted exclusively from a native variety, in this case the Piñonera olive. An olive and oil which also are an untainted reflection of their land.
Graphic representation of the soil profile
The soils of Calvestra are alluvial, formed by materials transported by water currents on a surface. They are the result of a gradual accumulation over a long period of time, mostly due to periodic floodings caused by the fluid basin of the Guadalaviar river, which rises from the eastern face of the Sistema Ibérico. It consists mostly of hetereogenous soils. The composition of the terroir is largely made up of chalky gravel or loamy-chalky rock, with variations depending on location contributing to a range of distinctive soil profiles.
The soils in this part of Calvestra are very deep, with a root system that extends up to 2 metres, homogeneously. The composition of the first 60cm, which makes up the first horizon, has a chalky-sandy texture. The rest of the profile is taken up by just one horizon and consists of a loamy rock that has a high chalk content. It is in essence a type of sedimentary rock made up of a mix of limestone and clay.
In this soil we find a first horizon of a chalky-sandy nature, with a high content of small gravel. From a depth of 60cm onwards, we find a frargmented limestone rock. Following on from this horizon, one finds a fragmented rock that allows roots to pass through. Lastly we find Horizon D which is exclusively formed of sand and gravel of a very small size.
Overall, the deep nature of this soil is capable of supporting a very well formed root system which is able to expand through all horizons easily.